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DJ Kool Herc (or Kool DJ Herc) was born Clive Campbell on 1955-04-16 in Kingston, Jamaica. While growing up in Kingston he saw and heard the sound systems firsthand at neighborhood parties called dancehalls. He moved to the Bronx, New York at the age of 12 and began to throw free neighborhood parties.
Herc is now known as a musician, producer, and is generally credited as a pioneer of hip hop during the 1970s. In an 1989 interview with Davey D, Herc said, "Hip Hop, the whole chemistry of that came from Nigeria, Africa".
He was the originator of breakbeat DJing, where the breaks of funk songs (being the most danceable part) were isolated and repeated for the purpose of all-night dance parties. Later DJs such as Grandmaster Flash refined and developed the use of breakbeats, including cutting; furthering the art of turntablism.